Curing Children Affected By Heat Stroke
Loos are warm winds that blow during daytime in extremely hot areas in the summer months. Needless to say loo is extremely harmful to human beings. Among other medical conditions that it leads to is a ‘heat stroke’. It is a serious ‘heat injury’ form and can lead to medical emergency. If anyone is suspected to suffer from heat stroke or sun stroke he should be provided first aid till such time the paramedical team comes to the rescue. If your child is affected by heat stroke while returning from school or after playing in the field your child should follow the same guidelines as in case of adults.
Heat Stroke- Effects:
This medical condition can be fatal or lead to brain and/or internal organ/s damage, soaking in all the fluids from your child’s body. Usually heat stroke is known to affect those 50 years and above in age but it can also affect young and healthy athletes and mostly kids. It starts with progression of mild heat-related ailments like heat syncope (or fainting), heat exhaustion and cramps. It can also strike those that have had no history of ‘heat injury’.
This condition takes places when your child is exposed to the sun or extremely high temperature for a prolonged time period and is accompanied with ‘dehydration’. This causes the control system of the body to fail. Medically it is defined as a body having 105 or more degrees Fahrenheit temperature that combines with central nervous system complications once the body is exposed to such high temperature. Other symptoms commonly associated with this condition include seizures, nausea, disorientation, confusion and in severe cases coma or losing consciousness.
The most important symptom of a heat stroke is the rise of body temperature to 105 or more degrees Fahrenheit. However, the initial sign could be fainting. Here are some of the associated symptoms:
- Light-headedness and dizziness
- Unbearable headache
- Muscular cramps or weakness
- No sweating even in the extreme heat
- Dry, red and hot skin
- Vomiting or nausea feeling
- Shallow and rapid breathing
- Weak or strong rapid heartbeat
- Changes in behaviour including staggering, confusion and disorientation
First Aid Relief:
The first thing to do when you see the above symptoms in your child is to dial the medical emergency number or transfer him to any nearby hospital. Delay in medical assistance can lead to death.
And while the paramedical team’s arrival is awaited your child can also provide first aid for relief and rescue. Get your kid to a room that is air-conditioned or shady and cool in the least- and have all the unneeded clothes removed. If there is thermometer available, check the body temperature (core) and try to bring it down to 101-102 degree Fahrenheit. Your child can also start with the first aid if there are no thermometers available. Some of the strategies for cooling are listed below:
- Use ice packs for application in the groin, armpit, back and neck regions. As these areas have rich blood vessel supply almost next to skin, cooling these regions can cause the body temperature to come down.
- Apply cold water through garden hose or sponge to wet his skin and use fan to air out the body
- Offer ice bath through shower or have the patient immersed in cool water tub
- Offer him lots of fluids to drink, especially ‘sports drinks’ as they are effective in preventing muscular cramps
- Massage those areas that are in pain to loosen the cramps
In case there is a delay in the emergency response, get more information and instructions from the hospital by calling them up.
Those kids that have recovered after suffering from heat stroke may show high sensitivity to extreme temperature which is why they must avert the sun or exercise till such time the doctor gives a green signal to the patient to get back to normal activities.
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