Diet/food chart for 13 months old toddler.
I m sure if my mom or mom-in-law would have seen this article, they would have fainted for sure, and after regaining consciousness they would have gone like this –
“Diet chart” for babies!!!!
‘humare zamane mein to bhaiya bachcha sab kuchh wahi khata tha jo hum khaate the”.
True that, our elders must have never thought of referring to internet or asking even a doctor (forget nutritionist) about a baby’s right diet to follow. They never felt the need of it and gave us to eat what they knew best when we were kids and today we all are quite healthy and sound.
Well…I always believe that our elders were right in their own ways, and had some logic behind each old wives tales. They grew in joint families and had lot of insight from their elders on various do’s and don’ts.
And today, if you ask me, I have never in my entire life seen what is and should be fed to a baby!!! So, when I myself became a mother I, like most of us was completely clueless and blank on how to go about all this. So the internet power came to my rescue and I could find an ocean of information waiting for me to dive in and explore the best.
One of the most difficult part of parenting (actually parenting in itself is most difficult and you never get the satisfaction that you are getting it all RIGHT :-/ ) is feeding your baby and feeding right. You ask any new parents and almost all the parents believe that their child is a fussy eater, the doctor isn’t paying attention to it and they are going crazzzzy!
The most common problem we overlook is that the baby is always full on his tummy. We run so much after our baby to eat that he/she probably get nightmares of sitting on that high chair or you running behind him with a bowl in your hand and a full action packed story in your head! So, the fun mealtime has slipped into a monotonous duty which is now taking a toll. A baby will hardly ever remain hungry and refuse to eat unless has some problem (cold/fever/colic etc). So first of all stop running behind him and let him give you a cue when he is hungry and needs to be fed. Your baby has already tripled his/her birth weight till the first birthday and now the weight gain will be really slow (a gain of only around 2.5 kgs in this year), so the appetite will surely come down and your toddler is busy exploring the world and thus less interested in eating. Don’t forget that his tummy is still very small to accommodate all the tasty food you have cooked for him
This article will give you an insight on what basics you can follow and incorporate into your baby’s daily food routine/menu at each stage, so that despite giving a toss, messing around or skipping to 1-2 meals he/she gets the right amount of nutrients needed at these fast growing and developing stages. Depending on their age,size and activity level, a toddler needs about 1000-1400 calories a day. Make sure that you don’t stick to the numbers or quantity mentioned here, these are just for referral, if your baby wants more than this it should be welcomed and if less than let’s not force. Nutrition is all about averages, so if you don’t hit the everyday marks just don’t panic; instead strive to include a wide variety of nutrients as a practice and not duty. And the most important thing…just trust your mommy instinct because that…works for all
My motive behind writing this is to have a “healthy growing baby” and a “healthy glowing mommy” at the end
Hey you 13 months old kiddo—The Food world is calling!!!
Your baby is a grown up now, after all the first birthday has already gone. But the tummy is still tiny so 3 meals a day may not be the best way to get all essential nutrients, so giving 2-3 healthy snacks servings during the day is required (but make sure to have a gap of 1-2 hrs between mealtime and snacks). Setting a mealtime routine is a must, sooner the better. A proper breakfast lunch and dinner, 2-3 snacks servings and 2 times milk.
The best food on earth – Breast milk or the formula, which was the cornerstone of his nutrition for the first year and contained all the necessary nutrients, is now only a nutritional back up/bonus plan.
Milk and other dairy products provide the calcium(daily requirement of 700 mg) and Vit D(daily requirement of 600 IU) to help build strong bones. Generally, the calcium requirement is met but vit D requirement is not fulfilled by this quantity. American academy of pediatrics recommends vit D supplementation of 400 IU per day if a child is drinking less than 1 litre of milk in a day. So you should ask your doctor about the need of any such supplementation.
Suggested serving: 16-24 oz/480-720 ml of whole or full cream/fat milk (semi-skimmed milk is too low in calories for this age) in 2-3 servings in the form of milk/cheese/yoghurt/chhena/shakes etc. ( if breastfeeding than 2-3 nursings and adjusting the whole milk accordingly).
But, more than this quantity of milk can prevent iron absorption from his food and also keep his tummy full and hence less hungry.
Cereals & Grains:
Oh god, who gives them the energy to roll, crawl, walk and shout whole day long!!! This energy meter is recharged by the complex carbohydrates, vitamin B complex, minerals like zinc and magnesium and fiber which they get from the cereals and grains.
Almost all grains can be given to the baby at this age. Rice/wheat/barley/raagi/maize/pulses etc.
Suggested serving: About 4 servings ( one serving equals ½ slice bread, ¼ cup dry cereal, 1/3 cup cooked cereal/rice etc)
Continue the infant cereals 2 times/day for the extra iron.
Can avoid pulses (specially in dinner), which are heavy on stomach and causes gas like urad/chana dal/kabuli chana/rajma
Cooked and slightly mashed vegetable khichdi,vegetable pulav,soups,dosa,idli,porridges,sheera(halwa),upma,kheer etc
Any kind of fruits can be given at this stage. Sweet and nutritious whole fruits are full of vitamins and fiber.
Suggested serving: About 15 tbsp (in 1-2 servings). One serving equals ¼ cup canned fruit, 1/2 cup fresh fruit,4 oz (120 ml) of 100% fruit juice. You can buy a fruit nibbler and put cut fruit into it and let your baby explore it, without the risk of choking.
As a kid you never paid attention to when mom was asking you to have those green and other veggies, but now its your turn and you have no other option but to somehow incorporate these veggies into your toddler’s meal plan J Carrot, cucumber, broccoli, cauliflower, gourds, pumpkin etc. Vegetables have vitamins (A, B and C), trace minerals, fibers and protein.
Suggested serving: About 10 tbsp of cooked veggies (in 1-2 servings). Try giving both slightly cooked and cooked veggies (avoid raw as of now). Try giving a piece of carrot, to encourage finger foods eating and believe me a carrot can work wonders where all teethers fail. You can add veggies in almost all the recipes you make, khichdi,soup,sandwiches,pulav etc.
Proteins are the building blocks of our body, our baby needs it the most at this age to build strong muscles.
Suggested serving: Around 5 tbsp(divided into 1-2 servings) of cooked pureed meats,cheese cubes, tofu,egg yolk etc.
Lentils are also a good source of proteins.
A toddler needs 7 mgs of iron each day. Once the child reaches the 1 year mark it’s important to watch out for iron deficiency because the child no longer drinks iron fortified formula or cereals and may lack on iron rich foods as well. Iron deficiency can affect their physical, mental and behavioral development, and can also lead to anemia.
To help prevent iron deficiency
- Limit your baby’s milk intake to 16-20 oz/480-720 ml a day, because this can affect iron absorption.
- Increase iron rich foods like meat,eggs,fish,beans,leafy veggies.
- When serving iron rich meals, include vit C rich foods(tomatoes, broccoli,oranges,strawberry etc) , which improves iron absorption.
- Also, you can continue the iron fortified baby cereals till the age of 18-24 months old.
And finally, water. A child’s body is more than 70 percent water! So keep your child hydrated and develop a taste for water for a healthy life ahead. At this stage a child needs 1.3 litres of fluids a day which includes water, milk,soups, juices and other fluids. The best way to check if the child is getting enough fluid is to check on the urine, which should be colorless or light colored. Water plays an important role in maintaining body temperature, removing waste in urine, moving nutrients throughout the body, maintain a healthy weight, improving concentration, reducing common problems like constipation and urinary tract infections.
Suggested intake: No set rules to it, but if your kiddo is having 600 ml of milk, 250-300 ml of juice/soups/or any other drink then you need to give at least 400-450 ml of water to keep him/her hydrated. At the same time you have to be wise enough to limit its over intake, because too much water may reduce appetite and loss of nutrients.
Foods/drinks to avoid:
Still keep fatty and sugary food and drinks at bay.
Avoid semi-skimmed milk as that is too low on calorie at this age and prefer whole cream milk.
Look out for any allergy or family history for a particular allergy. Try introducing one food item at a time for 2-3 days to look out for any possible allergy.
Remember??? “healthy growing baby” and a “healthy glowing mommy”
All the best…happy parenting!
Do you follow a specific diet chart for your toddler?
You might also like reading these:-