According to the Medical Society, pregnancy miscarriage,
or spontaneous abortion (SAB), is one of the common reasons of pregnancy
loss. SAB occurs when the fetus or baby inside the mother’s womb
didn’t survive of its own during the gestation period of not
more than 20 weeks. However, SAB is not an actual abortion as the name
implies, as the mother has no intention for the loss of her pregnancy.
It is also different from “premature birth” (which usually
happens before the 37th week of pregnancy) even if the baby failed
to survive afterwards.
In the United States, cases of miscarriages is very high as almost
50% of all women having their pregnancies resulted to SAB based on
the statistics of ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists).
Within this percentage, some of the miscarriages were happened before
the woman knows that she is pregnant or from the time that her menstrual
cycle was missed. Additionally, it is very rare to happen that SAB
will occur after the 20th week and this is normally called as “late
miscarriage”. Further studies also show that most of the recognized
pregnancies, about an average of 15% usually end to SAB. Due to the
big tendency of pregnancy miscarriage on pregnant woman, it is crucial
for her to know the causes, symptoms, and ways of prevention during
Recent studies about SAB failed to learn the exact cause of this type
of miscarriage while many experts agreed that some chromosomal abnormalities
can be the root cause of the problem. The first trimester of the pregnancy
is said to be crucial for the development of the fetus, so if there’s
abnormality in the chromosome’s structure of the baby then this
might cause for SAB to happen. Aside from this theory, other possible
causes of SAB are hormonal problems, uncontrolled diabetes, uterine
abnormalities, maternal trauma, smoking or abuse to drugs, exposure
to radiation, congenital heart diseases, and severe malnutrition. Maternal
age is also considered another possible cause pregnancy miscarriage
while those women over 35 years old have bigger chances to SAB.
There are several signs and symptoms of SAB that should be given enough
attention of a pregnant woman. One of the most common signs is light
to heavy bleeding that sometimes associated with cramps. Back pain
and abdominal pain are also warning signs while sudden fever and vomiting
are likely to experience with this condition. Once these common symptoms
are observed during pregnancy, then the patient should see her obstetrician
as soon as possible before the condition becomes worst and to save
the life of the baby.
In preventing pregnancy miscarriage, there are several ways to make
the body healthy for safer conception. Stress management is important
to pregnant woman by performing regular exercises and eating the right
foods for the nourishment of the baby inside her womb. Taking up folic
acids in a daily basis is also recommended. Moreover, the mother should
stay away from smoking and bad lifestyles plus she must keep the normal
weight of her body to avoid further complications during her pregnancy.