According to the Medical Society, pregnancy miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion (SAB), is one of the common reasons of pregnancy loss. SAB occurs when the fetus or baby inside the mother’s womb didn’t survive of its own during the gestation period of not more than 20 weeks. However, SAB is not an actual abortion as the name implies, as the mother has no intention for the loss of her pregnancy. It is also different from “premature birth” (which usually happens before the 37th week of pregnancy) even if the baby failed to survive afterwards.
In the United States, cases of miscarriages is very high as almost 50% of all women having their pregnancies resulted to SAB based on the statistics of ACOG (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists). Within this percentage, some of the miscarriages were happened before the woman knows that she is pregnant or from the time that her menstrual cycle was missed. Additionally, it is very rare to happen that SAB will occur after the 20th week and this is normally called as “late miscarriage”. Further studies also show that most of the recognized pregnancies, about an average of 15% usually end to SAB. Due to the big tendency of pregnancy miscarriage on pregnant woman, it is crucial for her to know the causes, symptoms, and ways of prevention during her pregnancy.
Recent studies about SAB failed to learn the exact cause of this type of miscarriage while many experts agreed that some chromosomal abnormalities can be the root cause of the problem. The first trimester of the pregnancy is said to be crucial for the development of the fetus, so if there’s abnormality in the chromosome’s structure of the baby then this might cause for SAB to happen. Aside from this theory, other possible causes of SAB are hormonal problems, uncontrolled diabetes, uterine abnormalities, maternal trauma, smoking or abuse to drugs, exposure to radiation, congenital heart diseases, and severe malnutrition. Maternal age is also considered another possible cause pregnancy miscarriage while those women over 35 years old have bigger chances to SAB.
There are several signs and symptoms of SAB that should be given enough attention of a pregnant woman. One of the most common signs is light to heavy bleeding that sometimes associated with cramps. Back pain and abdominal pain are also warning signs while sudden fever and vomiting are likely to experience with this condition. Once these common symptoms are observed during pregnancy, then the patient should see her obstetrician as soon as possible before the condition becomes worst and to save the life of the baby.
In preventing pregnancy miscarriage, there are several ways to make the body healthy for safer conception. Stress management is important to pregnant woman by performing regular exercises and eating the right foods for the nourishment of the baby inside her womb. Taking up folic acids in a daily basis is also recommended. Moreover, the mother should stay away from smoking and bad lifestyles plus she must keep the normal weight of her body to avoid further complications during her pregnancy.