Ways to Develop Motivation In Pre-schoolers For Learning
As your baby starts growing he keeps learning from his daily activities. Children are curious by nature and all they want to do is discover and explore new things. If they get success or pleasure through their explorations their desire for learning grows. The earliest years imbibe in children the attitude towards learning that lasts all through their lives. If your child is provided with the right amount of encouragement and support at this phase of life he will grow to be adventurous and creative later on in his life. And if he is deprived of the support or interaction he will develop a different attitude towards learning which may adversely affect his growth and development.
By the time your child reaches 2 years his ability to arrange and execute events in order to reach his target is well-developed. He also learns to evaluate the efforts he puts in and appreciate his own standards. At 3 he will start generating interest in performing activities instead of doing them out of routine. This is time when he gets an idea of competency levels of performance and judges the success rate using his in-built internal standards. Thus, he requires less of ‘adult feedback’ to measure his effort quality.
As a pre-schooler he will begin to get more and more involved in solving verbal problems using his skills. His learning is directed via speech and vocal communication for solving problems with the use of his behaviour. There are many pre-schoolers who prefer to self-talk in order to perform actions that will solve their problems. With growth in age, this ‘self-talk’ turns into ‘internal monologue’ to do the same. Thus, the ‘self-talking’ development helps in motivating your child for any learning during this stage of growth. Once he develops self-confidence in solving problems he will be motivated to take in newer situations and challenges with a positive attitude which will give him the opportunity to learn more.
The Push for Motivation:
Some of the strategies that you can implement for helping your child to get motivated for learning are cited below:
- With the use of toys that are age-appropriate and various activities that suit his age you can create an environment which will allow him to explore freely and analyse the outcome of his actions. For example, there are toys with tangible or visible effects when they are subject to action.
- Give your child lots of time when he is working so that he learns to be persistent. And when he is engrossed in any activity make sure that he remains undisturbed till he is done with what he started. You will get the natural feeling of helping him out but you should resist such urges and make him understand that he has to get the activity completed on his own.
- If your child is in need offer help in a manner that is predictable and consistent, ensuring that he is independent while he working on an activity. However, this does not imply that you give in all the control to him but maintain certain limitations keeping the activity time organized and structured just like his ‘playtime’.
- Give your child the opportunity to directly interact with adults for exploration. It is an absolute must that adults and children work as a team while performing an activity. Such adult participation helps you to encourage and act as model for your child while getting a chance to observe him.
- Create challenges that your child can accept. If you make the challenge more difficult for him to handle it will motivate him further to accomplish and gain success in the challenge offered to him. However, give him some time to undergo the trial-and-error method to understand and emerge successful.
- Another important thing is to give your child the chance to analyse his accomplishment. Instead of saying that he has performed well, simply ask him as to what does he think about his work.
You should award your child when he gets success in the task given to him but do not give out unneeded praises and rewards as it can adversely affect his motivation or desire for learning. Always remember that whatever attitudes and habits that he forms as a pre-schooler will serve as base for his learning methods in the future.